Inscription of Kedukan Bukit

The Kedukan Bukit inscription, which was discovered in Kedukan Bukit on the Talang river bank near Palembang, dates from 683 CE. Kedukan Bukit inscription describes the siddhayatra (victory march) by Dapunta Hyang, together with more than 20,000 troops, celebrating the conquest of Melayu by Srivijaya. At the final section of the inscription, appears the word “jayasiddhayatra”, which means “victorious journey” (in accordance to the translation used by Prof. Dr. Slamet Muljana in his book Sriwijaya, p.136).

The inscription of Kedukan Bukit:

1.     svasti çrï çakavarsâtïta 605  ekâdaçï çu-
Blessing! In the Saka year 605 on the eleventh day

2. klapaksa vulan vaiçà- kha dapunta hiyang nâyik di
On the full moon of Waisaka dapunta hiyang took a

3. sâmvau  mangalap siddhayàtra di saptamï çuklapaksa
A boat and conducted siddhayàtra. On the seventh day on the full moon

4. vulan jyestha dapunta hiyang  marlapas dari minânga
Of the month jyestha dapunta hiyang leaving from minânga

5. tâmvan  mamâva yang vala dualaksa dahan ko-
tâmvan bringing along 20,000 troops

6. dua ratus cara di sumvau dangan jâlan sarivu
with 200 people in boats and

7. tlu râtus sapulu dua vanyaknya dâtang di matada(nau)
1312 on foot soldiers arrived in matada (nau)

8. sukhacitta di pancamï çuklapaksa vula(n) (asada)
happily on the fifth day on the full moon of Asada

9. laghu mudita dâtam marvuat vanua
arrived rejoicing to make vanua

10. çrivijaya jaya siddhayàtra subhiksa
Srivijaya completed the siddhayàtra successfully

The contents of the above inscription dated from 683 CE corresponds to the notes from I-Tsing’s journey, where upon his return to Srivijaya (from India) in 685 CE, I-Tsing wrote in his “A Record of the Buddhist Religion as Practiced in India and the Malay Archipelago” (translated by J. Takakusu) that “… which has now become (part of) Fo-shih; there are many states (under it)”.

You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

Leave a Reply